オンライン英会話 9/1/2015

オンライン英会話の記録です。

引き続きTEDのDictationです。

 

 

Back in the 1920’s, the famous psychologist Carl Jung visited the Hopi out in Arizona.


out in ; away from a place


 

And an elder said to him, “We think the white person is really crazy.”

And Jung said to him, “Why is that?”

thatは指示代名詞であり、何を指しているかと言うと、an elderの発言です。この発言を心理的に指して、thatを使っていると考えます。

 

And the elder said to him, “Well, the white man thinks with his head.” And Jung said, “Yeah? But how do you think then?”

And the Hopi elder said, “We think with our hearts.”

This could account for how crazy our world seems at times.

account for ~: ~の説明をする。

Listening, also has survival value. If you think back, when we were sitting around the fire, the more closely we could listen to the experience of others–how the hunt dangers animals, which plants were safe to eat–the odds of our survival were greatly increased.

And the same is true even today. How many of you remember your parent’s advice about how to cross the road?

The same is true of~ :同じことが~にも当てはまる。

We could all be sitting here tonight because of that advice.

When we sit in council, we’re invoking this ancient tradition that I just described, of listening and speaking from the heart.

“I invoke my right against self-incrimination.”

We sit in a circle and we are all equal in the council circle. We’re just sharing our human experience.

There’s no hierarchy. There’s often a center. And in the center is a candle, not all the time, but quite often.

 

that と itの違いは難しいですよね。その原因は日本語でthat と itを「それ」と訳してしまうからだと思います。

itは人称代名詞で、前に出た語の代用になります。thatは指示代名詞で、話者と離れたものを指す時に使います。

今回のケースではなぜthatが用いられたのか。

それはthatは文脈を指すことが出来るからです。

 

今日は以上です。

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